This type of glamour photography eventually evolved into swimsuit photography exemplified by the annual Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. Coco Chanel made suntans fashionable,  and in French designer Madeleine Vionnet offered an exposed midriff in an evening gown. In various cultural traditions one swims, if not in the nude, in a version in suitable material of a garment or undergarment commonly worn on land, e.
The norm of male barechestedness in swimwear extended to other competitive sports, such as professional boxing and professional wrestling. By the s, necklines plunged at the back, sleeves disappeared and sides were cut away and tightened.
With the development of new clothing materials, particularly latex and nylon , through the s swimsuits gradually began hugging the body, with shoulder straps that could be lowered for tanning.
Coco Chanel made suntans fashionable,  and in French designer Madeleine Vionnet offered an exposed midriff in an evening gown. They were seen a year later in Gold Diggers of The Busby Berkeley film Footlight Parade of showcases aquachoreography that featured bikinis. Dorothy Lamour 's The Hurricane also showed two-piece bathing suits. Cotton sun-tops, printed with palm trees, and silk or rayon pyjamas, usually with a blouse top, became popular by Speedo racerback silk suit that uncovered the shoulder blades almost resulted in disqualification of Clare Dennis at the Olympics,  but became a norm by Wartime production during World War II required vast amounts of cotton , silk , nylon , wool , leather , and rubber.
Women's swimwear of the s and s incorporated increasing degrees of midriff exposure. Teen magazines of late s and s featured similar designs of midriff-baring suits and tops. However, midriff fashion was stated as only for beaches and informal events and considered indecent to be worn in public. Because of the figure-hugging nature of these garments, glamour photography since the s and s has often featured people wearing swimsuits.
This type of glamour photography eventually evolved into swimsuit photography exemplified by the annual Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. Beauty contests also required contestants to wear form-fitting swimsuits.
Two-piece swimsuits without the usual skirt panel and other superfluous material started appearing in the U. The July 9, , Life shows women in Paris wearing similar items. What made the Moonlight Buoy distinctive was a large cork buckle attached to the bottoms, which made it possible to tie the top to the cork buckle and splash around au naturel while keeping both parts of the suit afloat.
Life magazine had a photo essay on the Moonlight Buoy and wrote, "The name of the suit, of course, suggests the nocturnal conditions under which nude swimming is most agreeable.
Swimwear of the s, 50s and early 60s followed the silhouette mostly from the early s whereas after World War II , a new wardrobe and style of vacation-swimwear arose, coupled with an increase of leisure time and bustling postwar resorts.
S and Europe,  but this fashion originated on the French Riviera , which people was quoted this place as "A sunny place for shady people".
It evolved into a dress followed his New Look silhouette with cinched waists and constructed bustlines, accessorized with earrings, bracelets, hats, scarves, sunglasses, hand bags and cover-ups. For the Early 50s, despite the reaction to the 2-pieces swimsuit worn by Brigitte Bardot in Manina, the Girl in the Bikini in , most women in the s still wore one-piece suits.
Instead of swimsuits, these contests popularized the playsuit , but swimsuits remained the highlight in the beauty contest. The first bikinis appeared just after World War II.
Early examples were not very different from the women's two pieces common since the s, except that they had a gap below the breast line allowing for a section of bare midriff. They were named after Bikini Atoll , the site of several nuclear weapons tests, for their supposed explosive effect on the viewer.
Even in Europe in , there was an Italian magazine also declared that the Bikini should be worn purely for the sunbathing purposes or on board boats. According to Vogue the swimwear had become more of "state of dress, not undress" by the mids. Also, her outfit sets a whole new trend for sex symbols.
Starting in the s, the manufacturing advances enabled swimsuits to fit without the help of elastic, and aid as performance aid in competitive swimming. S, the Hawaiian - Japanese - inspired prints were often used.
In Europe, Emilio Pucci moved swimwear textile on a generation when he began to design prints for Rose Marrie Reid swimwear. Speedo produced the wool and cotton swimwear for the Melbourne Olympics in Men's swimsuits developed roughly in parallel to women's during this period, with the shorts covering progressively less.
Racing-style "speedo" suits became popular, as did thongs , G-strings , and bikini style briefs. Typically these are more popular in more tropical regions; however, they may also be worn at public swimming pools and inland lakes. But in the s, longer and baggier shorts became popular, with the hems often reaching to the knees. Often called boardshorts and swim trunks, these were worn lower on the hips than regular shorts. In designer Rudi Gernreich conceived and produced the monokini ,  a revolutionary and controversial design included a bottom that "extended from the midriff to the upper thigh"  and was "held up by shoestring laces that make a halter around the neck.
At the same Olympics, East German swimmers adopted suits that were tightly following the body shape, the so-called "skinsuits". They were initially made of cotton and became virtually transparent when wet.
The revealing shape and transparency caused outrage among US swimmers; meanwhile, at the World Aquatics Championships , East German women won 10 of 14 events and set seven world records. Those championships became the turning point for the world to adopt the skinsuit, modified with novel synthetic materials, as a standard competitive swimwear. During the same era, East Germany became noteworthy for its nude beaches, an unusual freedom allowed in the regimented communist bloc.
In , Gernreich unveiled the lesser known pubikini , a bathing suit meant to expose pubic hair. Tankini and the concept of mix-and-match swimwears were the two major innovations in that genre in the late s.
In , a controversy broke out when Buddhists complained against swimwear manufacturer Ondade Mar and lingerie giant Victoria's Secret started marketing tankinis featuring Buddhist iconography.
In , Speedo launched the Fastskin suit series that mimicked shark skin. The new policy was implemented to combat the issues associated with performance enhancing costumes, hindering the ability to accurately measure the performance of swimmers. Subsequently, the new ruling states that men's swimsuits may maximally cover the area from the navel to the knee, and women's' counterparts from the shoulder to the knee.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Annette Kellerman 'a form-fitting one-piece tank suit inspired the women's swimwear in the early Olympics Maillot-style swimwear on the beach and on magazines Clothes for Spa Bathing at Bath". Retrieved 29 August Archived from the original on 14 May Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 13 November Retrieved August 29, Retrieved March 1, Australian Dictionary of Biography Online.
Retrieved 15 January The Price of Freedom: Retrieved August 30, The Ivy Press Limited. A History of Twentieth-century Fashions. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on Metropolitan Museum of Art. Waist Chest Body Waist Body Suit Wrap a measuring tape around your hip bone line, making sure the tape is parallel to the ground. This measurement determines your waist size. Wrap a measuring tape around your nipple line, making sure the tape is parallel to the ground.
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